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|Example of Acute Exposure data from MEDITEXT.|
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Example Content from MEDITEXT for Barium sulfate:
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ACUTE EXPOSURE INFORMATION
- USES: Barium sulfate is used as an oral or rectal contrast agent in radiologic studies. In industry it is used as a lubricant, as a pigment in paints, and in manufacturing of cellophane, photographic papers, brake linings and adhesives.
- PHARMACOLOGY: Barium is used in radiologic procedures because it is radiopaque.
- EPIDEMIOLOGY: Overdose is very rare, exposure rarely causes significant adverse effects.
- WITH THERAPEUTIC USE
- Oral or rectal barium sulfate administration may cause constipation, impaction, obstruction, cramping, and diarrhea. Appendicitis, bowel perforation, peritonitis and proctitis have been reported rarely after oral or rectal barium sulfate use in radiologic procedures.
- ECG abnormalities have been reported. Aspiration of barium sulfate may cause pneumonitis, granuloma formation, severe dyspnea, and hypoxemia. Dyspnea and hypoxemia usually resolve quickly with supportive care.
- Venous intravasation has been reported following the use of barium enemas, and may be complicated by barium pulmonary emboli.
- WITH POISONING/EXPOSURE
- Barium sulfate is almost insoluble and lacks the severe toxicity characteristic of the barium ion.
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