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|Example of Acute Exposure data from MEDITEXT.|
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Example Content from MEDITEXT for 64-18-6:
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ACUTE EXPOSURE INFORMATION
- Formic acid can be irritating or corrosive to the skin, eyes, and mucous membranes, depending on the concentration. It may cause severe caustic injury to the skin, eyes, or mucosal membranes.
- Symptoms of acute ingestion (50 grams or more) can initially include salivation, bloody vomiting, a burning sensation in the mouth and pharynx, diarrhea, severe pain. Circulatory collapse and death have occurred following exposure.
- In limited case reports, intentional oral ingestions of formic acid have resulted in life-threatening metabolic acidosis, profound hypotension, shock, ARDS, acute renal failure, and severe hemolysis. Systemic effects have also been reported following dermal exposure.
- Occupational exposure has caused nausea and albumin or blood in the urine. Formic acid is a sensitizer for some individuals; allergic contact dermatitis or possibly asthma could develop in these individuals.
- Combining formic and sulfuric acid produces carbon monoxide; severe carbon monoxide poisoning has resulted.
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